Psychoneuroimmunology, in short is PNI, is studies the connection between psychological processes and the nervous and immune systems of the body. Following a detailed description about PNI was written by Dr. Robert Ader, a Distinguished University Professor at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. Also he is one of the pioneers of this rapidly growing branch of research. He showed that:
Psychoneuroimmunology refers, most simply, to the study of the interactions among behavioral, neural and endocrine (or neuroendocrine), and immunologic processes of adaptation. Its central premise is that homeostasis is an integrated process involving interactions among behavior and the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems
History of Psychoneuroimmunology
This field grew from the work of Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov and his classical conditioning model. Pavlov showed that he can made dogs to salivate when they heard the ring of a bell by ringing a bell when they were given food. After that, they connect the ring of a bell to the act of eating. The result is the sound of the bell would automatically cause them to salivate.
There are a lot of reasearch and experiment from many professor from over the world. Russian researchers conducted a series of experiments that showed that the body’s other systems may be altered by conditioning as well. Also american researchers like Ader took the research further in the United States, and we now know for certain that immune responses benefitcan be enhanced or suppressed with a wide variety of conditioned cues.
Real Life Applications
Psychoneuroimmunology research said it might have related with stress and many aspects of wellness. So we think that the links between lifestyle and personality factors and immunity as research continues.